Innovations in the World of Wires
Can you imagine how our forefathers would bring Industrial Revolution in the world had they not known about the electrical wires? There was no method of transmitting electricity without wires (although it is still in infant phase to transmit electricity through the air without using wires). There was no way they could offer us what they offered us. No matter how many steam engines they would produce, no matter how much advancement they could do in wheels and motor cars, they would not have developed it without wires.
Since then, advancement has been made regarding the transmission as well. In this process, wires have been developed a lot. In its initial phase, the electrical wires faced a lot of issues like rapid loss of electricity due to transmission and wearing and tearing down of wires in extreme weathers.
One of the major outbreaks in electrical wiring technology is the introduction ZHFR house wires. These wires should be used in densely populated areas to maximize safety in skyscrapers. The zero halogen formula of ZHFR (Zero Halogen Flame Retardent) does not produce acidic gasses hence making it non-toxic. It has been evident that many of the fire victims were caught in the fire because of toxic gasses being produced from conventional wires. Moreover, ZHFR wires can resist flames and it can be resistant to even very high temperature. This makes ZHFR wires safe from fire safety perspective. These wires need almost no maintenance as it is weather proof non-corrosive wires.
There were no materialistic needs in the past. So, conventional wires could perform the desired work. But nowadays, every other house has at least an AC, a geyser, and of course, an oven. These all take high loads and hence making PVC conventional wires unsafe to use. In a case of an unfortunate fire, it becomes very difficult to firefight in the smoke. The latest FRLS technology reduces the smoke in case of fire by 50 percent. Moreover, FRLS Wires prevent the spreading of fire in the house.
These wires are commonly used in residential areas. These are cheaper than ZHFR and FRLS wires. TPS wires have an outer covering of Polyvinyl Chloride, in short PVC that avoids electric circuit due to touching of the conducting part of the wires. The inner part of Thermoplastic Sheathed Cable consists of annealed copper that increases conductivity manifold. The use of annealed copper inside the PVC sheath not only increases the conductivity of the wire but it reduces the loss in electrical power transmission as well.
The wires have been made as efficient as possible for transmission of electrical energy. Engineers aim to produce zero percent electrical loss wires at a low cost. Superconducting wires have been in use in some scientific studies and some commercial sites but due to its high-cost factor, superconducting wires have not found a place on the shelf of the electrical market. Innovations have been brought out by several electrical companies to bring the most effective wire at an affordable price.